Is there a Hadith saying vomiting does not nullify the fast?


ⓘ Supported by Al Medina 313.

Quran

Hadith

Islamic Text

Yes, there is a Hadith saying vomiting does not nullify the fast, and the Hadith is Sahih.

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: مَنْ ذَرَعَهُ قَيْءٌ، وَهُوَ صَائِمٌ، فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ قَضَاءٌ، وَإِنْ اسْتَقَاءَ فَلْيَقْضِ

(Sayidina) Abu Hurairah said that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, ‘Whoever is overcome by vomit, whilst fasting, is not required to make up the fast. But whoever induced the vomit must make it (the fast) up.’ (Abu Dawood, 2380).

This Hadith has also been narrated with similar wording in Tirmidhi (720), Ibn Maja (1676), Ahmad (10463) and many others. The Hadith has been authenticated by many leading scholars of Hadith.

وَإِسْنَادُ أَبِي دَاوُد وَغَيْرُهُ فِيهِ إسْنَادُ الصَّحِيحِ، وَلَمْ يُضَعِّفْهُ أَبُو دَاوُد فِي سُنَنِهِ وَقَدْ سَبَقَ مَرَّاتٍ أَنَّ مَنْ لَمْ يُضَعِّفْهُ أَبُو دَاوُد فَهُوَ عِنْدَهُ حُجَّةٌ إمَّا صَحِيحٌ وَإِمَّا حَسَنٌ. (المجموع شرح المهذب)

And the chain (Isnad) of Abi Dawood and others for it is Sahih. Abu Dawood did not deem it weak in his Sunan. And it has been repeatedly mentioned that whomsoever Abu Dawood did not deem to be weak is strong with him, either Sahih or Hasan. (Imam al-Nawawi, al-Majmoo Sharh al-Muhadhab).

من ذرعه الْقَيْء فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ قَضَاء، وَمن استقاء فليقض. ثمَّ قَالَ: هَذَا حَدِيث صَحِيح عَلَى شَرط الشَّيْخَيْنِ. وَقد حسنه من الْمُتَأَخِّرين الْمُنْذِرِيّ فِي «تَخْرِيجه لأحاديث الْمُهَذّب»، وَالنَّوَوِيّ فِي «شَرحه» وَقَالَ: إِسْنَاده إِسْنَاد الصَّحِيح، وَلم يُضعفهُ أَبُو دَاوُد فَهُوَ عِنْده حجَّة إِمَّا صَحِيح أَو حسن. (البدر المنير في تخريج الأحاديث والأثار الواقعة في الشرح الكبير)

‘Whoever is overcome by vomit, whilst fasting, is not required to make up the fast. But whoever induced the vomit must make it (the fast) up.’ He (Imam al-Hakim) said this Hadith is Sahih according to the two Shaykhs (Bukhari and Muslim). Later scholars considered it Hasan, amongst them was al-Mundhari in his Takhreej of the narrations of al-Muhadhab. And al-Nawawi, who said in his commentary: ‘The chain (Isnad) is a Sahih chain. Abu Dawood did not deem it weak so it is strong with him, either Sahih or Hasan.’ (Imam Ibn al-Mulaqin, al-Badr al-Muneer).

And Allah Most High Knows Best.

-Answered by Shaykh Noorud-deen Rashid (06.04.2022)

See also:
Does vomiting break the fast

See also (video)