Is it prohibited for a person who is going to do Udhiyah (Qurbani) to cut hair and nails in the first 10 days of Dhul Hijjah?

Quran

Hadith

Islamic Text

It is not prohibited (Haraam) to cut the hair and nails in the first 10 days of Dhul Hijjah for a person intending to perform Udhiyah (Qurbani). Rather, it is recommended (Mandoob) to refrain from cutting the hair and nails according to the Hanafi Madhab. In a Hadith in Sahih Muslim, Sayidah Umm Salamah reported that the Prophet ﷺ said:

عَنْ أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ، تَرْفَعُهُ، قَالَ: إِذَا دَخَلَ الْعَشْرُ وَعِنْدَهُ أُضْحِيَّةٌ يُرِيدُ أَنْ يُضَحِّيَ، فَلَا يَأْخُذَنَّ شَعْرًا، وَلَا يَقْلِمَنَّ ظُفُرًا

“When the ten days begin, and one of you has a sacrificial animal and he intends to sacrifice it, then he should not cut his hair or nails.” [Sahih Muslim, 1977 – 40]

This Hadith is understood to be referring to the recommendation of not cutting the hair and clipping the nails. It is not establishing an absolute prohibition upon doing so. This is the understanding of the Hanafi Madhab. In Radd al-Muhtar, after quoting the above hadith in Sahih Muslim, Ibn Abideen said:

فَهَذَا مَحْمُولٌ عَلَى النَّدْبِ دُونَ الْوُجُوبِ بِالْإِجْمَاعِ

“This is considered to be a recommendation and not an obligation by consensus.” [Ibn Abideen, Radd al-Muhtar Vol. 5, p.154]

As well as the claim of Ijma made by Imam Ibn Abideen. The Hanafi position is also supported by the following Hadith, which mentions that the Holy Prophet ﷺ did not refrain from cutting the hair or nails.

عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ: «رُبَّمَا فَتَلْتُ الْقَلَائِدَ لِهَدْيِ رَسُولِ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَيُقَلِّدُ هَدْيَهُ، ثُمَّ يَبْعَثُ بِهِ، ثُمَّ يُقِيمُ لَا يَجْتَنِبُ شَيْئًا مِمَّا يَجْتَنِبُ الْمُحْرِمُ»

Sayidah Ayeshah (May Allah Most High be pleased with her) narrated that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ used to send his sacrificial animal (to the Haram) and remain (in Madinah). He ﷺ would not avoid anything that a person in Ihram avoids. (Sahih Muslim, 1321 – 366).

And Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala knows best.

– Answered by Shaykh Noorud-deen (06.01.2021)

See also:

Increasing Worship During Dhul Hijjah

Legal Ruling for Udhiyah (Qurbani)

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