What is the legal ruling for the Udhiyah sacrifice (Qurbani)?

Quran

Hadith

Islamic Text

It is Waajib for those with Nisab Hirman al-Zakah.

فَصَلِّ لِرَبِّك وَانْحَرْ

And pray to your Lord and sacrifice (to Him). (Surah al-Kowthar, 2).

In this Holy verse of the Quran, we find a command to pray and sacrifice. Normally, a command in the Quran and Hadith leads to an obligation. This is one of the evidence used by the Hanafi scholars to establish the ruling of Udhiyah being an obligation and not merely a recommendation.

[الكوثر: 2] {فَصَلِّ لِرَبِّك وَانْحَرْ} 
أَيْ وَانْحَرْ الْأُضْحِيَّةَ وَالْأَمْرُ يَقْتَضِي الْوُجُوبَ. (المبسوط)

And pray to your Lord and sacrifice (to Him). (Surah al-Kowthar, 2).

Meaning sacrifice the Udhiyah, and the command necessitates obligation. (Imam al-Sarakhsi, al-Mabsoot).

Udhiyah is only obligatory on a person who has sufficient wealth (Nisab Hirman al-Zakah). Additionally, there are other conditions that are required before Udhiyah becomes Wajib. Therefore, students are encouraged to study the subject thoroughly from classical books of Fiqh with reliable teachers.

The designated days for the sacrifice are the 10th (Eid day), 11th and 12th of Dhul Hijjah. On the 10th, it must be done after the Eid Salah and on the 12th, it must be done before Maghrib, if one delays it that far.

And Allah (Most High) Knows Best.

– Answered by Shaykh Noorud-deen Rashid (08.07.2021)

See also:

Increasing Worship During Dhul Hijjah

Cutting Hair and Nails in Dhul Hijjah

Reward for Fasting the Day of Arafah

Takbeer Tashreeq

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