Is there a Hadith establishing virtue for someone who dies on Thursday or Friday?

Quran

Hadith

Islamic Text

There is a weak Hadith narration in the Sunan of Imam Tirmidhi mentioning virtue for dying on a Friday. The Hadith also mentions the night of Friday too, therefore virtue is established for Thursday night too, meaning any time after Maghrib. The narration is weak, however weak Hadith can be used for such matters.

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَشَّارٍ قَالَ: حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ مَهْدِيٍّ، وَأَبُو عَامِرٍ العَقَدِيُّ، قَالَا: حَدَّثَنَا هِشَامُ بْنُ سَعْدٍ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ أَبِي هِلَالٍ، عَنْ رَبِيعَةَ بْنِ سَيْفٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: مَا مِنْ مُسْلِمٍ يَمُوتُ يَوْمَ الجُمُعَةِ أَوْ لَيْلَةَ الجُمُعَةِ إِلَّا وَقَاهُ اللَّهُ فِتْنَةَ القَبْرِ

“Rabi’ah bin Yusuf narrated from Abdullah bin Amr who said that, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, ‘No Muslim dies on the day of Friday, nor the night of Friday, except that Allah (Most High) protects him from the trials of the grave.’” – Sunan at-Tirmidhi, 1074 [Weak]

Imam Tirmidhi commented:

وَقَاهُ اللَّهُ فِتْنَةَ القَبْرِ: هَذَا حَدِيثٌ غَرِيبٌ وَهَذَا حَدِيثٌ لَيْسَ إِسْنَادُهُ بِمُتَّصِلٍ رَبِيعَةُ بْنُ سَيْفٍ، إِنَّمَا يَرْوِي عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ الحُبُلِيِّ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو، وَلَا نَعْرِفُ لِرَبِيعَةَ بْنِ سَيْفٍ سَمَاعًا مِنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو

“This is a strange Hadith. The chain for this Hadith is not connected Rabi’ah bin Yusuf only narrates from Abdullah bin Amr through Abi Abd al-Rahman al-Hubuli. And we do not know of Rabi’ah bin Yusuf hearing directly from Abdullah bin Amr.”

As we can see above Imam Tirmidhi himself commented on the weakness of this narration after quoting it. This is further confirmed by Imam Ibn Hajr al-Asqalaani in Fath al-Bari:

التِّرْمِذِيُّ مِنْ حَدِيثِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو مَرْفُوعًا مَا مِنْ مُسْلِمٍ يَمُوتُ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ أَوْ لَيْلَةَ الْجُمُعَةِ إِلَّا وَقَاهُ اللَّهُ فِتْنَةَ الْقَبْرِ وَفِي إِسْنَادِهِ ضَعْفٌ وَأَخْرَجَهُ أَبُو يَعْلَى مِنْ حَدِيثِ أَنَسٍ نَحْوَهُ وَإِسْنَادُهُ أَضْعَفُ

“(Imam) Tirmidhi narrated a prophetic Hadith from Abdullah bin Amr, ‘No Muslim dies on the day of Friday, nor the night of Friday, except that Allah (Most High) protects him from the trials of the grave.’ It has weakness in the chain. Abu Ya’la narrated something similar from Anas but its chain is even weaker.”

– Answered by Shaykh Noorud-deen (05.01.2021)

See also:

Virtue in Dying on Monday